KJV Dictionary Definition: grate


GRATE, n. L. crates, a grate, a hurdle.

1. A work or frame, composed of parallel or cross bars, with interstices; a kind of lattice-work, such as is used in the windows of prisons and cloisters.

2. An instrument or frame of iron bars for holding coals, used as fuel, in houses, stores, shops, &c.

GRATE, v.t. To furnish with grates; to make fast with cross bars.

GRATE, v.t. L. rado.

1. To rub, as a body with a rough surface against another body; to rub one thing against another, so as to produce a harsh sound; as, to grate the teeth.

2. To wear away in small particles, by rubbing with any thing rough or indented; as, to grate a nutmeg.

3. To offend; to fret; to vex; to irritate; to mortify; as, harsh words grate the heart; they are grating to the feeling; harsh sounds grate the ear.

4. To make a harsh sound, by rubbing or the friction of rough bodies.


GRA'TED, pp. Rubbed harshly; worn off by rubbing.

1. Furnished with a grate; as grated windows.


GRA'TEFUL, a. from L. gratus. See Grace.

1. Having a due sense of benefits; kindly disposed towards one from whom a favor has been received; willing to acknowledge and repay benefits; as a grateful heart.

2. Agreeable; pleasing; acceptable; gratifying; as a grateful present; a grateful offering.

3. Pleasing to the taste; delicious; affording pleasure; as food or drink grateful offering.

Now golden fruits on loaded branches shine,

And grateful clusters swell with floods of wine.


GRA'TEFULNESS, n. The quality of being grateful; gratitude.

1. The quality of being agreeable or pleasant to the mind or to the taste.


GRA'TING, ppr. See Grate. Rubbing; wearing off in particles.

1. Fretting; irritating; harsh; as grating sounds, or a grating reflection.



GRA'TINGLY, adv. Harshly; offensively; in a manner to irritate.


GRA'TINGS, n. See Grate. A partition of bars; an open cover for the hatches of a ship, resembling lattice-work.