KJV Dictionary Definition: sum


SUM, n. L. summa, a sum; L. simul, together; Heb. to set or place.

1. The aggregate of two or more numbers, magnitudes, quantities or particulars; the amount or whole of any number of individuals or particulars added. The sum of 5 and 7 is 12.

How precious are thy thoughts to me, O God! how great is the sum of them! Ps.139.

Take the sum of all the congregation. Num.1.

Sum is now applied more generally to numbers, and number to persons.

2. A quantity of money or currency; any amount indefinitely. I sent him a sum of money, a small sum, or a large sum. I received a large sum in bank notes.

3. Compendium; abridgment; the amount; the substance. This is the sum of all the evidence in the case. This is the sum and substance of all his objections. The sum of all I have said is this.

The phrase, in sum, is obsolete or nearly so.

In sum, the gospel considered as a law, prescribes every virtue to our conduct, and forbids every sin.

4. Highth; completion.

Thus have I told thee all my state, and brought

My story to the sum of earthly bliss.

SUM, v.t. To add particulars into one whole; to collect two or more particular numbers into one number; to cast up; usually followed by up, but it is superfluous. Custom enables a man to sum up a long column of figures with surprising facility and correctness.

The hour doth rather sum up the moments, than divide the day.

1. To bring or collect into a small compass; to comprise in a few words; to condense. He summed up his arguments at the close of his speech, with great force and effect.

"Go to the ant, thou sluggard," in few words,sums up the moral of this fable.

2. In falconry, to have feathers full grown.

With prosperous wing full summ'd. Unusual.


SUM'MED, pp. from sum. Collected into a total amount; fully grown, as feathers.


SUM'MING, ppr. of sum. Adding together.